Tuesday, 07 November 2023 00:00

Bunion Complications

A bunion, medically termed hallux valgus, is a prominent, bony protrusion at the base of the big toe. Often, the only indicator of a mild bunion is its physical manifestation. However, it can also result in discomfort, swelling, and alterations in the foot's structure. In extreme instances, surgical intervention might be necessary due to related issues. Key visual indicators of a bunion are the big toe deviating toward the other toes, forming an outward bulge on the first foot bone. Additionally, there may be a raised bony bump on the foot's exterior, tough skin under the big toe, and calluses on the adjacent toe. Over time, the foot's form may drastically change, impacting both the big toe and other foot regions, making shoe selection challenging. Resulting structural modifications can cause pain, swelling, and bursitis, which is an inflammation of the toe joint's cushioning sac. Some people may face mobility issues with their big toe, affecting their walking. While many individuals do not encounter severe problems from bunions, if left untreated, complications such as arthritis in the big toe or deformities in the adjacent toe can arise. If you have a painful bunion, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can intervene and help prevent severe complications.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. Steven Sheridan of Ankle & Foot Specialty Clinics. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Sandusky, MI . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Bunions

Connect With Us